What happened at the munich conference of 1938

A total and unmitigated defeat

What happened at the munich conference of 1938


what happened at the munich conference of 1938

Munich Agreement

Feb 22, †Ј Munich Agreement, (September 30, ), settlement reached by Germany, Great Britain, France, and Italy that permitted German annexation of the Sudetenland, in western Czechoslovakia. Munich Agreement: Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Neville Chamberlain. Nov 11, †Ј From left to right: Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini, and Ciano pictured before signing the Munich Agreement, which gave the Sudetenland to Germany. Hitler had previously started rearming Germany in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, reoccupied the Rhineland in and annexed Austria in

The agreement averted the outbreak of war but gave Czechoslovakia away to German conquest. In the spring ofHitler began openly to support the demands of German-speakers living in the Sudeten region conferwnce Czechoslovakia for closer ties happenec Germany. He made two trips to Germany in September and offered Hitler favorable agreements, but the Fuhrer kept upping his demands.

On September 22, Hitler demanded the immediate cession of the Sudetenland to Germany and the evacuation of the Czechoslovak population by the end of the month. The next day, Czechoslovakia ordered troop mobilization. War seemed imminent, and France began a partial mobilization on September In MarchHitler annexed the rest of Czechoslovakia, and the country ceased to exist. After eight months of ineffectual wartime leadership, Chamberlain att replaced as prime minister by Winston Churchill.

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Aug 05, †Ј The Munich Conference, held in September , resulted in an agreement signed by Great Britain, France, Italy and Germany that ceded the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Germany. The resolution was signed in an attempt to avoid war. Sep 29, †Ј R eference to the Munich agreement of , when the British and the French agreed to let Hitler have a section of Czechoslovakia called the Sudetenland in exchange for promising to go no . On Sept. 29, , Neville Chamberlain of Britain, Edouard Daladier of France, Benito Mussolini of Italy and Adolf Hitler met in Munich, Germany to discuss HitlerТs hope of acquiring the Sudetenland. Ironically, the president of Czechoslovakia,the owner of Sudetenland, Emil .

Hitler had previously started rearming Germany in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, reoccupied the Rhineland in and annexed Austria in He was now determined to seize the Sudetenland, which was in Czechoslovakia but had a substantial German population and important industrial resources.

It was clear he would do so by force if he had to and that the Czechs by themselves had not the faintest hope of resisting him. Chamberlain had gone to Germany twice in September to discuss the situation with Hitler, at Berchtesgaden and then at Bad Godesberg, where Hitler demanded not only the prompt German annexation of the Sudetenland but that all the Germans elsewhere in Czechoslovakia should be allowed to join the Third Reich.

On the 20th he told the Hungarian prime minister that he was sure the British and the French would do nothing effective, and he was right. Like almost everyone in Europe, including most Germans, Chamberlain thought that practically anything was preferable to a repeat of the war of He misunderstood Hitler, who he believed could be appeased by suitable concessions and neither he nor the French saw good reason for a war to preserve Czechoslovakia, which had only been created in At the same time, if the quest for peace failed, Britain needed to buy time in which to rearm, though this inevitably meant giving Germany more time to continue rearming as well.

No Czech representative was invited to the conference. Chamberlain had asked for the Czech ambassador to Berlin to come to Munich as an adviser, but he was not allowed in the same room as Hitler. On the night of September 28th a Czech government statement agreed to cede Czech territory where 50 per cent or more of the population were German, but protested against the demand for a plebiscite in areas without a German majority.

At Munich Hitler gained what he wanted Ч the domination of Central Europe Ч and German troops marched into the Sudetenland on the night of October 1st. The day before, the Czech government had accepted the Munich pact. The world is filled with a frenzy of joy. Now we are really a world power again. As part of the Munich agreement all predominantly German territory in Czechoslovakia was to be handed over by October 10th. Poland and Hungary occupied other parts of the country and after a few months Czechoslovakia ceased to exist and what was left of Slovakia became a German puppet state.

However, the French and British premiers had flown home in triumph to tumultuous welcomes from their peoples, who felt huge relief that another European war had been avoided. The Munich Conference. The agreement permitting Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland was signed on Sept 29, Second World War Germany. Popular articles. Scissors or Sword? The Symbolism of a Medieval Haircut.



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