Dec 07, · Potassium is a mineral that is found in many foods and is needed for several functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart. Potassium citrate is used to treat a kidney stone condition called renal tubular acidosis. Potassium citrate may also be used for other purposes other than those listed in this medication guide. What Conditions does POTASSIUM CITRATE ER Treat? excessive urinary excretion of the amino acid cystine ; calcium phosphate kidney stones ; renal tubular acidosis ; uric acid kidney stones.
This article looks at potassium citrate and how and when to use this product safely. Potassium is an essential mineral found in various fiber-rich foods like vegetables, fruits, nuts and legumes. But if your diet includes more processed foods, you may not be consuming an adequate amount.
Unlike other essential nutrients like calcium, vitamin D and B-vitaminspotassium is not fortified added in staple foods. This is due to its rapid impact on blood pressure. However, when potassium is consumed from natural sources like thesethe accompanying fiber slows its absorption. This allows it to safely perform its role in the body.
In supplemental or medication form, potassium is combined with other molecules like carbonate, chloride or hydroxide to form salts. Potassium citrate structure. Image source. This mineral serves many purposes in the body, but it mostly acts as an electrolyte that helps control muscle and nerve function. Potassium is also vital to heart health, urinary function, acid-base balance, gastrointestinal motility and various enzyme reactions.
Potassium citrate in particular produces alkalizing effects in the body, helping to balance urinary pH levels. Summary: Potassium is an essential mineral found in many fiber-rich whole foods. Potassium citrate is a salt that helps regulate urinary pH levels.
Potassium citrate is most often used to improve kidney stones. Citrate specifically helps to remove protons, or positively charged atoms, which reduces acidity in the urine. Additionally, potassium citrate crystallizes stone-forming salts like calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate and uric acid in the bladder.
Crystallization happens because of two mechanisms of potassium citrate. It increases urine pH, making it more alkaline. It also increases urine citrate levelswhich lowers the risk of stone formation. Citrate in the urine is able to bind to calcium, making it more soluble and less able to create calcium oxalate stones 12345. Overall, maintaining acid-base balance in the bladder is key for preventing all types of kidney stones 6.
A recent Cochrane review found that potassium citrate may help reduce recurrent calcium urinary stones in children. The authors had limited confidence in this finding and expressed the need for more evidence 7.
A study on 57 adults with active kidney stones showed that potassium citrate therapy helped to increase urine pH, citrate and potassium levels compared to placebo. The study concluded that potassium citrate helped reduce stone formation with only two subjects experiencing mild side effects 2. Also, a meta-analysis on potassium and cardiovascular risk factors reviewed 22 studies. It found that potassium intake reduced blood pressure in those with hypertension and helped lower the risk of stroke 9.
So far, of the 1, people who experienced side effects while on potassium citrate, 15 or 0. When the body is too acidic often the case when eating the Standard American Dietcalcium is pulled from the bones to help alkalinize the blood.
Another study saw significant increases in bone mineral density BMD in healthy elderly how to put on a condom real penis without osteoporosis who took mg of potassium citrate for 24 months. They also received calcium and vitamin D supplements, which may have played a role as well These results contrast what is potassium citrate used to treat the evidence found in a laboratory study, which showed that potassium citrate could prevent osteopenia low BMD progression 14 Summary : Potassium citrate can help prevent kidney stone formation, and may also reduce the risk of a stroke.
There is also conflicting evidence on whether it can improve bone health. This product should be used under medical supervision. Prescription potassium citrate is often sold under the trade name Urocit-K, although generic forms are available.
With hypokalemia low potassium levelsdosing increases to treat and prevent the deficiency. Serum potassium levels should stay between 3. Summary: Only use potassium citrate as recommended by a medical professional. They will help find the appropriate dose for you to keep serum potassium and urinary citrate levels in balance.
Many side effects can develop while using potassium citrate. Blood and urine testing, as well as electrocardiographs ECGcan assess your health status while using potassium citrate. Large doses over the recommended amount may cause cardiac arrhythmia. Discuss with your doctor the safety and appropriateness of using potassium citrate with the following conditions:.
If you are using certain medications or supplements, let your doctor know prior to starting a potassium citrate regimen. Also, many nutritional supplements like multivitamins and mineral formulas contain potassium. Be sure to report their use to your doctor to avoid overdosing. Those with certain severe medical conditions impacting the heart, adrenals or kidneys should avoid using potassium citrate.
Dog owners may use potassium citrate to help their pup with urinary stones and painful or frequent urination. One study fed 12 healthy dogs either a standard how to make tutu skirt for kids or one with mg potassium citrate per kilogram of body weight, twice per day.
The authors found that supplementation had a limited effect, with a slight increase in urine pH of 0. Either way, if you choose to supplement, they recommend you do so with food, twice per day Overall, the research is sparse on this topic despite various pet-friendly potassium citrate products available on the market.
Summary : Potassium citrate can be used to help dogs with urinary issues, though there is limited research to prove this. Talk with your vet for how to clean milk frother nespresso and dosing recommendations.
It may also help reduce the risk of stroke, but must what is potassium citrate used to treat used with caution and under the supervision of a medical professional. A wide array of serious side whats my wan ip address can result if used improperly.
If you suffer from heart, kidney or adrenal disease, ask your doctor if potassium citrate is appropriate for you. She is now the owner of Nutrition by Erin, a San Diego-based virtual nutrition private practice specializing in gastrointestinal disorders. Contents What is Potassium Citrate? Load Comments.
Apr 02, · Potassium is a mineral that is found in many foods and is needed for several functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart. Potassium citrate is used to treat a kidney stone condition called renal tubular acidosis. Potassium citrate may also be used for other purposes other than those listed in this medication guide. Jul 23, · Potassium citrate is most often used to improve kidney stones. Citrate specifically helps to remove protons, or positively charged atoms, which reduces acidity in the urine. Additionally, potassium citrate crystallizes stone-forming salts like calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate and uric . Jun 23, · Potassium is a mineral that is found in many foods and is needed for several functions of your body, especially the beating of your heart. Potassium citrate is used to treat a kidney stone /5.
Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered. To do so may increase the chance of side effects. In addition to the use of this medicine, treatment for your kidney stones may include changes in the types of foods you eat, especially foods high in sodium salt.
Your doctor will tell you which of these are most important for you. You should check with your doctor before changing your diet. Swallow the extended-release tablet whole. Do not break, crush, chew, or suck it. Doing so, may cause irritation in the mouth or throat. Tell your doctor if you have trouble swallowing the tablets, or if the tablet seems to stick or gets stuck in your throat.
While taking the extended-release tablet, part of it may pass into your stools. This is normal and is nothing to worry about. Drink extra fluids so you will pass more urine while you are using this medicine. This will keep your kidneys working well and help prevent kidney problems. The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label.
The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so. The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine.
Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine. If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
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