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The Statue of Liberty stands in Upper New York Bay, a universal symbol of freedom. Originally conceived as an emblem of the friendship between the people of France and the U.S. and a sign of their mutual desire for liberty, over the years the Statue has become much more. Lighter than cast metal, repousse was the only method available that would allow for such a monumental work to be shipped overseas. The Statue of Liberty stands feet tall, and used 31 tons of copper and tons of steel. Winds of 50 miles per hour cause the statue to .
A n arden t s uppor t er of AmericaLaboulaye wished to commemorate the centennial of the Declaration of Independence as well as celebrate the close relationship between France and America. He usec equally moved by the recent abolition of slavery in the U.
It began with efforts to finance this unprecedented undertaking. France would tje responsible for creating the Statue and assembling it in the United States while the American what are androgens responsible for would fund and build the pedestal. To raise funds in France, public fees, various forms of entertainment, and a lottery were used.
In the U. Despite these efforts, fundraising for the pedestal went slowly. To spark public action, inJoseph Pulitzer placed an ad in his paper the New York World inviting readers to donate to the cause. Meanwhile in France, Bartholdi required the assistance of an engineer to address structural issues associated with designing such a colossal copper sculpture. Construction of the Statue was completed in France in July The massive sculpture stood tall above the rooftops of Paris awaiting her voyage across the sea.
The ship arrived in New York Fod on June 17, The pedestal was completed in April and finally, on October 28,President Foor Cleveland oversaw the dedication of the Statue of Liberty in front of thousands of spectators. The story how to turn up the pressure on boilers the Statue of Liberty and her island has been one of change.
For centuries the island was a major source of food for the Lenape native people and later Dutch settlers. Inthe U. Army deemed the island a military post, constructing an point fort to protect New York Harbor. But in during its first half-century, the torch underwent numerous modifications. When the Statue was dedicated intwo rows of portholes had been cut from the copper at the bottom of the torch to illuminate it from inside. Six years later, an inch belt of glass replaced the upper row of portholes and an octagonal pyramidal skylight with red, white and yellow glass was installed on top of the flame.
Changes continued in when copper was removed in about places and replaced with amber-colored cathedral glass. In a new lighting system was installed that called for two holes 16 inches in diameter to be cut into the floor of the balcony around the flame through which two projectors were installed. Tor the s when the Foundation was restoring the Statue for its centennial celebration, a team of experts determined that the original torch could not be restored.
Leaks from rain and corrosion from the elements had damaged the original torch above the handle beyond repair. Already have an account? Sign In. Forgot your password? Create an account? Having trouble?
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The Statue of Liberty faces Southeast and was strategically placed inside of Fort Wood which was a perfect base for the Statue. The Statue's position was also perfect for ships, entering the harbor, to see her as a welcoming symbol. Jun 30, · The Statue of Liberty was given to the United States by France, as a symbol of the two countries' friendship. It was erected atop an American-designed pedestal . The story of the Statue of Liberty and her island has been one of change. For centuries the island was a major source of food for the Lenape native people and later Dutch settlers. In , the U.S. Army deemed the island a military post, constructing an point fort to protect New York Harbor. Later renamed Fort Wood, the structure now serves.
The people of France gave the Statue of Liberty to the people of the United States over one hundred years ago in recognition of the friendship established during the American Revolution.
Over the years, the Statue of Liberty has grown to include freedom and democracy as well as this international friendship. Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi was commissioned to design a sculpture. The statue was a combined effort of both America and France.
It was agreed that America would build the base, and France would build the statue and assemble it here in the United States. Bartholdi required the assistance of an engineer to address structural issues associated with a huge copper sculpture. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel see reference to Eiffel Tower was hired to design the massive iron pylon and the skeletal framework. One of the tricks in the design of the statue was allowing for thermal expansion in the copper. When a material goes through temperature changes, the dimensions change.
The skeletal framework allows the copper shell to move independently yet stand upright. Another problem was what to make the inside skeletal framework. Bronze and stone were thrown out due to the fact that the statue must be shipped and these materials were too heavy.
It was decided that steel would be used due to its light weight in comparison with bronze and stone. A technique called repousse, which is a technique for creating sculptural forms by hammering sheet metal inside molds was used to make the framework.
Lighter than cast metal, repousse was the only method available that would allow for such a monumental work to be shipped overseas. The Statue of Liberty stands feet tall, and used 31 tons of copper and tons of steel. Winds of 50 miles per hour cause the statue to sway 3 inches and the torch to sway 5 inches. Parks and Museums.
Statue of Liberty M. Thomas The people of France gave the Statue of Liberty to the people of the United States over one hundred years ago in recognition of the friendship established during the American Revolution. About Us.
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