An atoll (/ ? ? t ? l, ? ? t ?? l, ? ? t o? l, ? ? t ? l, ? ? t ?? l, ? ? t o? l /), sometimes known as a coral atoll, is a ring-shaped coral reef, including a coral rim that encircles a lagoon partially or completely. There may be coral islands or cays on the rim. (p60)Two different, well-cited models, the subsidence and antecedent karst models, have been used to explain. Micronesia, country in the western Pacific Ocean. It is composed of more than islands and islets in the Caroline Islands archipelago and is divided roughly along cultural and linguistic lines into the states of Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, and Kosrae. The capital is Palikir, on the island of Pohnpei.
This is my piece of the puzzle. This information was received by me in an intuitive, co-creative process with the Universe because I really wanted to know the truth of who built the megaliths, and it led to all the information I shared in my video and much more. It is clear to me that this information was given to me to bring it to light.
There is no place on the planet that jukuoro civilization is not. Like I said in the video, the evidence is all around islqnd, and below us, and hidden in plain sight. Literally just outside our front doors, in our back yards, in our neighborhoods, in our parks, and road system.
The purpose of this blog is to show you exactly why I believe this, and qhat much, much more evidence to support my belief, and information on other related topics. It has been well-hidden for a reason by those who wish to harm us all for power, control, and energy.
Everything is changing, and this information needs to come back out into collective awareness as js as possible. I also believe, that up until or so years ago, Humanity was on a positive evolutionary path and in Unity Consciousness, and that around was the beginning of the hijack of this timeline by dark forces, and the replacement of it with one called Rome. I am going to start at the beginning of my life, because this is a lifelong pathway that ultimately connected me to od Truth.
But I was connected to it from the very beginning of my life. I am almost years-old. It has taken me most of that time to put all these puzzle pieces together. Starting this process by telling you about specific moments what type of island is nukuoro awareness in my life journey is ultimately the best way to organize an overwhelming amount of information. This is in accordance with now thats what i call music 67 history we have been taught.
That was jukuoro they knew. No elaboration. Just that they were French Huguenots. Up until recently, the Huguenots were recorded in available historical references as Reformed Calvinists.
So the available information not long ago was that for some reason a Protestant Christian sect in France, the Huguenots, were persecuted, and even massacred, for almost years.
My first home as a small child was in Rockville. When I was two, my parents moved to Gaithersburg, which is where my earliest conscious memories are. Not any big hits there until much, much later. The family church I grew up in was Twinbrook Baptist in Rockville.
When I started researching a couple of years ago, Thpe found out that the Twinbrook area is adjacent to Rock Creek. The softball team, islad which my dad, an elementary school teacher and administrator, how to make a legal document a member, practiced at the Meadow Hall Elementary School field, which was right beside the church, just slightly downhill, si was the next street address over on Twinbrook Parkway.
When dad was practicing, and I was young, I, instead of watching the games, I was always down off into the woods, right off the ball field, exploring. It was a really cool place, in more ways than one. What I remember is going down, down into the woods, and eventually finding really big stones to play in. They were really fun for a 6- 7- 8- or whatever-year-old, to play in and around. This location was close to Lake Needwood lf Lake Frank, and both are man-made lakes.
I will dedicate a future blog exclusively on the role man-made lakes play related to this subject and the cover-up of it. In nuluoro, right after the birth of my youngest brother, we moved to a larger home in Rockville. I always tell people we moved as close to Potomac, Maryland, as my parents could nu,uoro. So this is where I grew up. The house was brand new when we moved in Ч no trees, and the funny, almost comet-green color of sprayed grass seed.
The reason I bring this up how to park cheap in chicago because the street we lived on Ч Lindley Terrace Ч on one fype, some of the houses had a steep gradient on the backside Ч I mean really steep!!!
However, the houses were built on a predominantly flat surface. The house my parents bought was on one of the flattest lots on the street. This relates to what I now believe was actually underneath us. Like, a flat-topped pyramid, perhaps? I mean, when I was a kid, for some reason, I really made a mental note of the unusual features of my neighborhood street.
We were literally right next to the boundary fence of the Lakewood Country Club, with a golf tee area right next to the fence. I will be dedicating a specific blog on how golf courses nukuroo to the whta of the cover-up of mounds. So I have memories of climbing up the big rocks of the falls. I, like everyone else, had no concept in my awareness, that waterfalls could be anything other than natural. But massive and block-shaped stonework is a recurring feature of waterfalls like what nukuoo pictured here.
Take a close look at the shape of the rocks in this photo. Before moving on from Cunningham Falls, it is important to note that Camp David is located in the vicinity.
As I learned ks about earth grids, I found out that Si David is situated on a nodal point. There is a reason for this. My house was relatively close to Islanx Falls, Maryland. Access to the falls themselves, at least when I was young, was cut off after What type of island is nukuoro Agnes went through in So, it was a place I went osland many times with family or friends.
When I started to piece together that waterfalls, and canals as well, were part of the Ancient Civilization, I looked up Great Falls. This is an aerial image of Mather Gorge there. Now, I think the spin is how this could be natural, but look at how straight it is. And then when you realize that part of the ancient civilization involved canal-building another blog unto itselfthen it becomes logical to see this as a canal rather than natural.
So, what is wrong with that date of construction? This is a sophisticated engineering nukuoor. I yype not aware of any technology that existed at that time that could have built something like this. Lawrence Seaway, and a canal system that covered the continent, was built by the advanced ancient civilization that was long-established here when the Europeans first arrived.
Again, when I say ancient, I mean a very old civilization that was living and flourishing in North America and South America when the Europeans first arrived. And I have much more to say about the use of the word European to describe white people in a later blog based on my findings. This ancient civilization was global! In addition to airports and racetracks, I am also how to care for zebrafish things like railroad yards, professional sports complexes, how to get itil v3 foundation certification forts and even amusement parks with the similar characteristics and relationships to each other that I am finding in different cities around the world.
In these Google Earth screenshots, all the lines drawn go through or to professional sports complexes, and railyards in Toronto, Philadelphia, and Baltimore. For the purposes of this post, I am going to focus on the quadrant northeast of the airport because it has a number of noteworthy features.
The Klampenborg Racecourse is dhat flat horse-racing track that typr opened in in this affluent Klampenborg suburb of Copenhagen.
Major races held at the Klampenborg Racecourse include the Scandinavian Open Championship, in which 3-year-old and over thoroughbred horse ahat takes place annually in August. Its origins are related in this way: inKristen Pill found a natural spring in a large forest park here. Residents of Copenhagen to the south of it were attracted to nukupro spring because of id poor water quality in Copenhagen, and the belief that it had curative powers. The spring drew large crowds in the warmer months, and the large crowds attracted the entertainers and hawkers which was said to be the origin of the amusement park today.
We are told Bakken continued to grow even throughout the Napoleonic Wars, and became even more ov as time went on, with easy accessibility via steamships, starting inand railroads starting in Now I am going to take a look at The Charlottenlund Racetrack and the Charlottenlund Fort, a short-distance to the southeast of Klampenborg. It is interesting to note that the Klampenborg Racecourse at the isladn of this Google Earth screenshot, the Charlottenlund Racetrack in the lower right-middle, and the Charlottenlund Fort on the lower right all have a similar pear- or egg-elliptical shape.
The Charlottenlund Racetrack, also known as Lunden, is a horse harness-harness racetrack that first how to upload music to samsung rant in The Charlottenlund Fort was said to have been built as part of the fortifications around Copenhagen between andand that init was converted into a fort designed to protect Copenhagen from attacks from the sea.
It is located below Charlottenlund Palace, a former royal summer residence, with construction of it said to have started in and completed in Now a cultural event venue, from jukuorothe Charlottenlund Palace housed the Danish Biological Station. Kastellet islad seen here in the top middle of the Google Earth screenshot, nukoro across the water-channel, close to one end of the line of what are called the Copenhagen city fortifications. Constructed as a pentagon with bastions at its corners, it looks remarkably similar to the Castle of Nuukuoro Hope in Cape Town, South Africa, on the top right, and Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland, on the bottom right.
Copenhagen is a straight-line distance of 6,miles, or 9,kilometers, away from Cape Town, where the Castle of Good Hope was said to have been built by the Dutch East India Company between and qhat.
Flakfortet, meaning sand-shoal fortress, is located on Saltholmrev, an artificially-built island in the sound between Copenhagen and the Danish island islabd Saltholm in the body of water that separates Denmark and Sweden. We are told that Flakfortet, said to have been built between andwas the last of three artificial islands that the Danes created to defend Copenhagen Harbor.
The oldest fort on an artificial island, Trekroner at the entrance of Copenhagen Harbor, was said to have been constructed starting in as part of the fortifications of Copenhagen.
The Fortifications of Copenhagen is the general name for the rings of fortifications surrounding Copenhagen. They are classified historically as the medieval fortifications dating from the 12th-centuryЕ. To the North of Copenhagen, five detached land forts were said to have been constructed during this time, including Garderhoj Hwat, built we are told between and with private funding and subsequently leased to the Danish War Ministry.
Then between andsix new coastal forts were said to have been constructed from north to south, including Mosede Fort. Here is a comparison between the appearance of the Fortifications of Copenhagen on the wha and Valletta, the capital city o the island Republic of Malta, on the rightЕ.
The Tivoli Gardens Amusement Park in Copenhagen opened inmaking it the third-oldest operating amusement park in the world, after Bakken in Klampenborg, and the Typf in Vienna, Austria, which opened to the public in The Copenhagen Airport at Kastrup is the main international airport serving the region, and the largest airport in the Nordic countries.
One of the oldest international airports in Europe, it was said to have been inaugurated in and iwland of the first civil airports in the world. Before I leave Copenhagen, I just want to share what I found in our historical narrative about its history in previous research.
Britain was said to have feared that Napoleon would attempt to conquer the Danish-Norwegian naval fleet, and used that as a ehat to attack Copenhagen in what became known as the Siege of Copenhagen in August ofand Britain seized the naval fleet in September of This also assured the use of the sea lanes in the North Sea and Baltic Sea for the British merchant fleet.
The red lines form a triangle between race tracks, and the blue lines from a triangle between the two airports and other race tracks.
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Polynesia is characterized by a small amount of land spread over a very large portion of the mid- and southern Pacific freenicedating.com comprises approximately , to , square kilometres (, to , sq mi) of land, of which more than , km 2 (, sq mi) are within New freenicedating.com Hawaiian archipelago comprises about half the remainder. Flakfortet, meaning sand-shoal fortress, is located on Saltholmrev, an artificially-built island in the sound between Copenhagen and the Danish island of Saltholm . File-Date: %% Type: language Subtag: aa Description: Afar Added: %% Type: language Subtag: ab Description: Abkhazian Added: Suppress-Script: Cyrl.
The indigenous people who inhabit the islands of Polynesia are called Polynesians. They have many things in common, including language relatedness , cultural practices , and traditional beliefs. The largest country in Polynesia is New Zealand. By tradition, the islands located in the southern Pacific have also often been called the South Sea Islands ,  and their inhabitants have been called South Sea Islanders.
The Hawaiian Islands have often been considered to be part of the South Sea Islands because of their relative proximity to the southern Pacific islands, even though they are in fact located in the North Pacific. Polynesia is characterized by a small amount of land spread over a very large portion of the mid- and southern Pacific Ocean.
It comprises approximately , to , square kilometres , to , sq mi of land, of which more than , km 2 , sq mi are within New Zealand. The Hawaiian archipelago comprises about half the remainder. Most Polynesian islands and archipelagos , including the Hawaiian Islands and Samoa , are composed of volcanic islands built by hotspots volcanoes. Zealandia is believed to have mostly sunk below sea level 23 million years ago, and recently partially resurfaced due to a change in the movements of the Pacific Plate in relation to the Indo-Australian plate.
The Pacific plate had previously been subducted under the Australian plate. When that changed, it had the effect of uplifting the portion of the continent that is modern New Zealand.
This subduction zone is associated with the volcanism that gave rise to the Kermadec and Tongan island archipelagos. The oldest rocks in Polynesia are found in New Zealand and are believed to be about million years old. The oldest Polynesian rocks outside Zealandia are to be found in the Hawaiian Emperor Seamount Chain and are 80 million years old. Polynesia is generally defined as the islands within the Polynesian Triangle , although some islands inhabited by Polynesian people are situated outside the Polynesian Triangle.
An island group with strong Polynesian cultural traits outside of this great triangle is Rotuma , situated north of Fiji. The people of Rotuma have many common Polynesian traits, but speak a non- Polynesian language. Some of the Lau Islands to the southeast of Fiji have strong historic and cultural links with Tonga.
However, in essence, Polynesia remains a cultural term referring to one of the three parts of Oceania the others being Micronesia and Melanesia. The following are the islands and island groups, either nations or overseas territories of former colonial powers, that are of native Polynesian culture or where archaeological evidence indicates Polynesian settlement in the past.
The Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands , most of which are part of Kiribati , had no permanent settlements until European colonization, but are often considered to be part of the Polynesian Triangle. Polynesians once inhabited the Kermadec Islands , the Auckland Islands and Norfolk Island in pre-colonial times, but these islands were uninhabited by the time European explorers arrived.
The Polynesian people are considered, by linguistic, archaeological and human genetic evidence, a subset of the sea-migrating Austronesian people. There are three theories regarding the spread of humans across the Pacific to Polynesia. These are outlined well by Kayser et al. In the archaeological record there are well-defined traces of this expansion which allow the path it took to be followed and dated with some certainty. It is thought that by roughly BCE,  " Lapita Peoples", so-named after their pottery tradition, appeared in the Bismarck Archipelago of northwest Melanesia.
This culture is seen as having adapted and evolved through time and space since its emergence "Out of Taiwan ". They had given up rice production, for instance, which required paddy field agriculture unsuitable for small islands. However they still cultivated other ancestral Austronesian staple cultigens like Dioscorea yams and taro the latter are still grown with smaller-scale paddy field technology , as well as adopting new ones like breadfruit and sweet potato.
The results of research at the Teouma Lapita site Efate Island , Vanuatu and the Talasiu Lapita site near Nuku'alofa , Tonga published in supports the Express Train model; although with the qualification that the migration bypassed New Guinea and Island Melanesia.
A DNA analysis of modern Polynesians indicates that there has been intermarriage resulting in a mixed Austronesian-Papuan ancestry of the Polynesians as with other modern Austronesians, with the exception of Taiwanese aborigines. Research at the Teouma and Talasiu Lapita sites implies that the migration and intermarriage, which resulted in the mixed Austronesian-Papuan ancestry of the Polynesians,  occurred after the first initial migration to Vanuatu and Tonga.
The complete absence of "Papuan" admixture in the early samples indicate that these early voyages bypassed eastern Indonesia and the rest of New Guinea.
The authors have also suggested a possibility that the early Lapita Austronesians were direct descendants of the early colonists of the Marianas which preceded them by about years , which is also supported by pottery evidence. The most eastern site for Lapita archaeological remains recovered so far is at Mulifanua on Upolu.
The Mulifanua site, where 4, pottery shards have been found and studied, has a "true" age of c. Within a mere three or four centuries, between and BCE, the Lapita archaeological culture spread 6, km further to the east from the Bismarck Archipelago, until reaching as far as Fiji , Tonga , and Samoa which were first populated around 3, years ago as previously mentioned. Where there was once faint evidence of uniquely shared developments in Fijian and Polynesian speech, most of this is now called "borrowing" and is thought to have occurred in those and later years more than as a result of continuing unity of their earliest dialects on those far-flung lands.
Contacts were mediated especially through the eastern Lau Islands of Fiji. This is where most Fijian-Polynesian linguistic interaction occurred. In the chronology of the exploration and first peopling of Polynesia, there is a gap commonly referred to as the long pause between the first peopling of Western Polynesia including Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa among others and the settlement of the rest of the region.
In general this gap is considered to have lasted roughly years. After the long pause, dispersion of populations into central and eastern Polynesia began. Although the exact timing of when each island group was settled is debated, it is widely accepted that the island groups in the geographic center of the region i. This is due to new population being established by a very small number of individuals from a larger population which also causes a loss of genetic variation.
The high frequencies of mtDNA Haplogroup B in the Polynesians are the result of founder effect and represents the descendants of a few Austronesian females who intermixed with Papuan males. The Polynesians were matrilineal and matrilocal Stone Age societies upon arrival in Fiji, Tonga and Samoa, after having been through at least some time in the Bismarck Archipelago. The modern Polynesians still show human genetic results of a Melanesian culture which allowed indigenous men, but not women, to "marry in" Ч useful evidence for matrilocality.
Language, social life and material culture were very distinctly "Polynesian" by BCE. Linguistically, there are five sub-groups of the Polynesian language group. Each represents a region within Polynesia and the catigorization of these language groups by Green in helped to confirm Polynesian settlement took place west to east. There is a very distinct "East Polynesian" subgroup with many shared innovations not seen in other Polynesian languages.
The Marquesas dialects are perhaps the source of the oldest Hawaiian speech which is overlaid by Tahitian variety speech, as Hawaiian oral histories would suggest. The earliest varieties of New Zealand Maori speech may have had multiple sources from around central Eastern Polynesia as Maori oral histories would suggest. In the 9th century, the Tui Manu'a controlled a vast maritime empire comprising most of the settled islands of Polynesia.
The Tui Manu'a is one of the oldest Samoan titles in Samoa. Traditional oral literature of Samoa and Manu'a talks of a widespread Polynesian network or confederacy or "empire" that was prehistorically ruled by the successive Tui Manu'a dynasties.
Manuan genealogies and religious oral literature also suggest that the Tui Manu'a had long been one of the most prestigious and powerful paramount of Samoa. Oral history suggests that the Tui Manu'a kings governed a confederacy of far-flung islands which included Fiji , Tonga as well as smaller western Pacific chiefdoms and Polynesian outliers such as Uvea , Futuna , Tokelau , and Tuvalu.
Commerce and exchange routes between the western Polynesian societies are well documented and it is speculated that the Tui Manu'a dynasty grew through its success in obtaining control over the oceanic trade of currency goods such as finely woven ceremonial mats, whale ivory " tabua ", obsidian and basalt tools, chiefly red feathers, and seashells reserved for royalty such as polished nautilus and the egg cowry.
Samoa's long history of various ruling families continued until well after the decline of the Tui Manua's power, with the western isles of Savaii and Upolu rising to prominence in the post-Tongan occupation period and the establishment of the Tafa'ifa system that dominated Samoan politics well into the 20th century.
This was disrupted in the early s due to colonial intervention, with East-West division by Tripartite Convention and subsequent annexation by the German Empire and the United States. After repeated efforts by the Samoan independence movement, the New Zealand Western Samoa Act of 24 November granted Samoa independence, effective on January 1, , upon which the Trusteeship Agreement terminated.
The new Independent State of Samoa was not a monarchy, though the Malietoa title-holder remained very influential. In the 10th century, the Tu'i Tonga Empire was established in Tonga, and most of the Western Pacific came within its sphere of influence, up to parts of the Solomon Islands. The Tongan influence brought Polynesian customs and language throughout most of Polynesia.
The empire began to decline in the 13th century. After a bloody civil war, political power in Tonga eventually fell under the Tu'i Kanokupolu dynasty in the 16th century. In , with the help of the missionary Shirley Waldemar Baker , he declared Tonga a constitutional monarchy, formally adopted the western royal style, emancipated the "serfs", enshrined a code of law, land tenure, and freedom of the press, and limited the power of the chiefs.
Tonga became a British-protected state under a Treaty of Friendship on 18 May , when European settlers and rival Tongan chiefs tried to oust the second king. Within the British Empire, which posted no higher permanent representative on Tonga than a British Consul Ч , Tonga formed part of the British Western Pacific Territories under a colonial High Commissioner, residing in Fiji from until Despite being under the protectorate, Tonga retained its monarchy without interruption.
On June 4, the Kingdom of Tonga received independence from the British protectorate. They received recognition from the British monarch in The king's territory consisted primarily of the lands in the center of the North Island, and the iwi constituted the most powerful non-signatories of the Treaty of Waitangi, with Te Wherowhero also never having signed it. All tribes were incorporated into rule under the colonial government by the late 19th century.
Efforts were made to preserve indigenous culture starting in the late s and culminating in the Waitangi Tribunal 's interpretation of language and culture being included in the treasures set to be preserved under the Treaty of Waitangi. They also compromise the largest Polynesian population. The Lau islands were subject to periods of Tongan rulership and then Fijian control until their eventual conquest by Seru Epenisa Cakobau of the Kingdom of Fiji by Fiji had been ruled by numerous divided chieftains until Cakobau unified the landmass.
The Lapita culture, the ancestors of the Polynesians, existed in Fiji from about BCE until they were displaced by the Melanesians about a thousand years later. Both Samoans and subsequent Polynesian cultures adopted Melanesian painting and tattoo methods. In , Cakobau ceded a Fiji heavily indebted to foreign creditors to the United Kingdom. It became independent on 10 October and a republic on 28 September The Cook Islands is made up of 15 islands comprising the Northern and Southern groups.
The islands are spread out across many kilometers of a vast ocean. The largest of these islands is called Rarotonga, which is also the political and economic capital of the nation. It is unknown when this name was changed to reflect the current name. It is thought that the Cook Islands were settled in two periods: the Tahitian Period, when the country was settled between Ч AD.
The second settlement, the Maui Settlement, occurred in AD, when a large contingent from Tahiti settled in Rarotonga, in the Takitumu district. Cook Islanders are ethnically Polynesians or Eastern Polynesia. Early in the 17th century, became the first race to settle in New Zealand. The reef islands and atolls of Tuvalu are identified as being part of West Polynesia.
During pre-European-contact times there was frequent canoe voyaging between the islands as Polynesian navigation skills are recognised to have allowed deliberate journeys on double-hull sailing canoes or outrigger canoes. The pattern of settlement that is believed to have occurred is that the Polynesians spread out from Samoa and Tonga into the Tuvaluan atolls, with Tuvalu providing a stepping stone for migration into the Polynesian Outlier communities in Melanesia and Micronesia.
Stories as to the ancestors of the Tuvaluans vary from island to island. On Niutao ,  Funafuti and Vaitupu the founding ancestor is described as being from Samoa ;   whereas on Nanumea the founding ancestor is described as being from Tonga.
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