19 Smart Facts About Albert Einstein
Apr 14, · Albert Einstein, German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity, pioneering many key developments. He won the Nobel Prize for Physics in for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Jun 01, · Albert Einstein was a German mathematician and physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity. In , he won the Nobel Prize for physics for his explanation of the.
Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Albert Einstein was a famous physicist. His research spanned from quantum mechanics to theories about gravity and motion. Wyat publishing some groundbreaking papers, Einstein toured the world and gave speeches about his discoveries. How to answer please confirm he won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the photoelectric effect.
He is also known for his discovery of the photoelectric effectfor which he ad the Nobel Prize for Physics in Einstein developed a theory of special and general relativity, which helped to complicate and expand upon theories that had been put forth by Isaac Newton over years prior. Albert Einstein had a massive influence on contemporary physics.
His theory of relativity shifted contemporary understanding of space completely. Albert Einstein was raised in a secular Jewish family and had alberh sister, Maja, who was two years younger than him. They bakersfield ca is in what county three children: a daughter, named Lieserl, and two sons, named Hans and Eduard.
After a period of unrest, Einstein and Maric divorced in They were married inthe same year he divorced Maric. After suffering an abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture several days before, Albert Einstein died on April 18,at age His father, Hermann Einstein, was originally a featherbed salesman and later ran an electrochemical factory with moderate success.
His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. He had one sister, Maria who went by the name Majaborn two years after Albert. The first was his encounter with a compass at age five. He was mystified that invisible forces could deflect the needle. This would lead to a lifelong fascination with invisible forces. Einstein became deeply religious at age 12, even composing several songs in praise of God and chanting religious songs on the way to school.
This began to change, however, after he read science books that contradicted his religious beliefs. This challenge to established authority einsteim a deep and lasting impression. At the Luitpold GymnasiumEinstein often felt out of place and victimized by a Prussian-style educational system that seemed to stifle originality and creativity. One teacher even told him that he would never amount to anything. Yet another important influence on Einstein was a young medical student, Max Talmud later Max Talmeywho often had dinner at the Einstein home.
Talmud became an informal tutor, introducing Einstein ddi higher mathematics and philosophy. A pivotal turning point occurred when Einstein was 16 years old. Einstein then asked himself the question that would dominate his thinking for the next eh years: What would a light beam look like if you could run anv it?
If light were a wavethen the light beam should appear stationary, like a frozen wave. Even as a child, though, he knew that stationary light waves had never been seen, so there was a paradox. Inafter his company failed to get an important contract to electrify the city of MunichHermann Einstein moved to Milan to work with a relative.
Einstein was left at a boardinghouse in Munich and expected to finish his education. Alone, miserable, and repelled by the looming prospect of military duty when he turned 16, Einstein ran away six months later and landed on the doorstep of his surprised parents.
His parents realized the enormous problems that he faced as a school dropout and draft dodger with no employable skills. His prospects did not look promising. His marks showed that he excelled in mathematics and physicsbut he failed at Frenchchemistryand biology. Because of his exceptional math scores, he was allowed into the polytechnic on the condition that he first finish his formal schooling.
He went to a special high school run by Jost Winteler in AarauSwitzerlandand graduated in He also renounced his German citizenship at that time. He was stateless untilwhen he was granted Swiss citizenship. He became lifelong friends with the Winteler family, with whom he had been boarding. He met many how to improve reasoning and logic who would become loyal friends, such as Marcel Grossmann, a mathematician, and Besso, with whom he enjoyed lengthy conversations about space and time.
He also met his future wife, Mileva Maric, a fellow physics student from Serbia. Albert Einstein. Videos Images. Additional Info. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions.
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Top Questions. Photoelectric effect. Read more below: Legacy. Quantum mechanics. Read more below: Childhood and education. Read more below: Increasing professional isolation and death. Learn about the life and career of Albert Whxt and his contributions to science. An overview of Albert Einstein's life and career. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.
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Childhood and education
Jun 01, · Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize “for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric . Jan 12, · Albert Einstein, a man whose name is practically synonymous with genius, is one of history's greatest thinkers. As a physicist and mathematician, Einstein wasn't an inventor in the vein of Thomas Edison or Alexander Graham Bell, but his theories of relativity led to new ways of looking at time, space, matter, energy and gravity. Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Einstein’s work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science.
By: Marie Willsey Updated: Feb 12, Albert Einstein, a man whose name is practically synonymous with genius, is one of history's greatest thinkers. As a physicist and mathematician, Einstein wasn't an inventor in the vein of Thomas Edison or Alexander Graham Bell, but his theories of relativity led to new ways of looking at time, space, matter , energy and gravity.
His work led to important advances including the control of atomic energy, space exploration, and applications of light. As a young boy born to Jewish parents in Germany, his teachers initially called him slow and lazy.
However, by the time he left school at the age of 15, one teacher remarked there was nothing left to teach him [source: Golden ]. Einstein studied at the Institute of Technology in Zurich and received his doctorate in at the age of That same year, he published five groundbreaking scientific papers. The first paper earned him his doctorate, and the concepts presented in the next four papers helped change our understanding of the universe. The topics were:. After Einstein presented a series of ground-breaking ideas in , Einstein continued to research and expand these concepts and other ideas in physics and mathematics.
In , Einstein presented his general theory of relativity , proposing that gravity is a curved field in the space-time continuum created by the existence of mass. He received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect and his work in theoretical physics. Einstein left his homeland in Germany in upon Adolf Hitler's rise to power, and accepted a position at the Institute of Advanced Study in Princeton, N.
He became a U. Peaceful by nature and politics, he spoke out strongly against nationalism, war and violence. He also supported Zionism , the idea of the creation of a homeland for Jews in Palestine. In , Einstein learned that two German chemists had split the uranium atom; he wrote to U. President Franklin D. Roosevelt that this application of scientific knowledge could lead to Germany's development of an atomic bomb and he urged the United States to begin its own research.
His suggestions led to the creation of the Manhattan Project -- and the first two atomic bombs it spawned -- in Einstein was saddened when he heard of the destruction caused by the two nuclear bombs dropped on Japan, and later campaigned for a ban on nuclear weapons. Scientists are still finding new uses for Einstein's work today. Einstein developed a refrigerator design that received a U.
Instead of cooling the interior of the refrigerator with Freon , as we do today, Einstein's design uses ammonia, butane, water -- and almost no energy. Researchers are taking another look at the design as an eco-friendly alternative to air conditioning and refrigeration. Famous Inventors.
What Did Albert Einstein Invent? A young Albert Einstein sits at his desk. Einstein wasn't an inventor but his work led to many important advances. Brownian movement , or the zigzag motion of microscopic particles in suspension. Einstein's findings helped to prove the existence of atoms and molecules. The quantum theory of light. Einstein proposed that light is composed of separate packets of energy, called -- quanta or photons -- that have some properties of particles and some properties of waves.
He also explained the photoelectric effect , which is the emission of electrons from some solids when they're struck by light. Television is a practical application of Einstein's theory of light. The special theory of relativity. Einstein explained that time and motion are relative to their observers -- as long as the speed of light remains constant and natural laws are the same throughout the universe. The link between mass and energy.
This formula demonstrates that a small particle of matter contains an enormous amount of energy. This forms much of the basis for nuclear energy.
Albert Einstein: After the Doctorate After Einstein presented a series of ground-breaking ideas in , Einstein continued to research and expand these concepts and other ideas in physics and mathematics.
His theories of relativity led to new ways of looking at time, space, matter, energy and gravity. His work led to important advances including the control of atomic energy, space exploration and applications of light. What is Einstein's nationality? Einstein was born in Germany and has a Jewish background.
Where did Albert Einstein go to school? The increased relativistic mass m of a body multiplied by the speed of light squared c2 is equal to the energy E of that body. It forms much of the basis for nuclear energy. What did Albert Einstein discover? In , Einstein presented his general theory of relativity, proposing that gravity is a curved field in the space-time continuum created by the existence of mass.
What was one of Albert Einstein's greatest achievements? Did Einstein really fail math? Britannica Online for Kids. Golden, Frederic. Cite This! More Awesome Stuff.
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